Land Use Law

Differentiating Exclusionary Tendencies

John Infranca

Abstract Despite an academic consensus that easing land use regulations toincrease the supply of housing can help lower housing prices, localopposition to new development remains prevalent. Onerous zoningregulations and resistance to new housing persist not only in wealthysuburbs, but also in lower income urban neighborhoods. In addition tomaking housing more expensive, such policies increase residentialsegregation, […]

Takings and Extortion

Written by: Daniel P. Selmi

Abstract The Supreme Court has repeatedly employed an extortion narrative in deciding when governmental actions imposing exactions on development projects constitute takings under the Fifth Amendment. In that narrative, local officials act in ever-present bad faith by misusing their regulatory powers to coerce concessions by developers seeking land use approvals. While the extortion narrative has […]

Sean F. Nolon, Bargaining for Development Post-Koontz: How the Supreme Court Invaded Local Government

The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District injected significant confusion into negotiations over land development approvals. The principal source of this confusion is the majority’s unwillingness to clarify when and how a proposed condition offered in a negotiation becomes a demand that triggers heightened scrutiny under the Takings […]