Criminal Procedure

Criminal Justice Citizenship

Daniel S. McConkie, Jr.

Abstract The American criminal justice system is fundamentally democraticand should reflect an ideal of citizenship that is equal, participatory, anddeliberative. Unfortunately, the outcomes of criminal cases are nowalmost always determined by professionals (prosecutors, defenseattorneys, and judges) instead of by juries. This overly bureaucratizedsystem of adjudication silences the voice of the people. A better systemwould strengthen […]

Addressing Due Process Concerns: Evaluating Proposals for Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform

Kelly Milliron

Abstract Civil asset forfeiture compromises criminal due process protections for the sake of allowing the government to take property from citizens and pocket the profits. Within the last decade, several news outlets have reported instances where law enforcement agencies took property from citizens–without arresting or convicting them–and spent the proceeds from seized cash, homes, or […]

A Threat Assessment Framework for Lone-Actor Terrorists

Melissa Hamilton

Abstract Lone-actor terrorist attacks are on the rise in the Western world in terms of numbers and severity. Public officials are eager for an evidence-based tool to assess the risk that individuals pose for terroristic involvement. Yet actuarial models of risk validated for ordinary criminal violence are unsuitable to terrorism. Lone-actor terrorists vary dramatically in […]

Coordinating Community Reintegration Services for “Deportable Alien” Defendants: A Moral and Financial Imperative

Written by: Amy F. Kimpel

Abstract Recidivism rates for individuals who are convicted of illegal entry and re-entry (U.S.C. §§ 1325 and 1326) are quite high despite post-sentencing deportations. The “holistic defense” model developed in New York City at the Neighborhood Defender Services and Bronx Defenders has been instrumental in achieving better outcomes for criminal defendants and their communities, in […]

The Right To Counsel But Not The Presence of Counsel: A Survey of State Criminal Procedures For Pre-Trial Release

Written by: John P. Gross

Abstract There is a widely-held belief that the state provides counsel to indigent criminal defendants at their initial appearance in state court. However, the majority of states do not provide counsel to indigent defendants at their initial appearance when a judicial officer determines conditions of pretrial release. State criminal procedure codes fail to provide the […]

Iesha S. Nunes, "Hands Up, Don't Shoot": Police Misconduct and the Need for Body Cameras

Abstract The 2014 shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri is probably the most notable of the many recent cases in the media involving police officers’ use of excessive force. After Officer Darren Wilson shot and killed Brown, varying accounts of what transpired between the two men surfaced. Officer Wilson claimed he was defending himself […]